Panoramic Photography

True panoramic photography can be done with special equipment or with help of photo editing software, but we can also do without any special equipment.

Panoramic photography should not be considered as a wide angle photography. A wide angle lens, or a fish eye lens may cover the field of 270°, however, the aspect ratio of an image remains the same - 3 : 2

If we crop an image, which is shot with a wide angle lens, in such a way that the aspect ratio is greater than 2 : 1, then the shot will look like a panoramic view. However, optical distortion in form of barrel distortion produced by extreme wide angle lens will produce curvature on horizon.

Panoramic photography done with normal or semi-tele lens requires multiple images and image stitching. If we are using photo editing software, then stitching is done to produce a seamless photograph. Yet, we have to feed the software with such photographs, that can be stitched without much editing.

A good sturdy tripod is useful in panoramic photography, but it is not a must. Use 105 mm or 135 mm lens on 35 mm camera and shoot series of images, keeping the camera as leveled as possible. Starting from extreme left side frame, take the first picture. Note any object (a tree or a stone) placement at the right edge of the frame and turn the camera till that object remains in the frame. This way, the second picture will have some area, overlapping the first picture. Over lapping should be done for at least 20% to 25% of previous picture.

Keep rotating and shooting the scene till the end. We can complete the entire circle, and in such case, we will click the same photo again, which was shot first. Keep the horizon at same placement. This is a tricky part, especially if there is no visible horizon, but the scene is surrounded by mountains. Here a tripod plays important role. When the camera is mounted on a tripod, which is perfectly leveled, then there is no need to worry about this problem.

Slight tilt up or down by 5° is acceptable in panoramic photography, but if possible, try to avoid any camera tilt. Now these images can be compiled in one photograph and panoramic picture can be completed.

Panoramic photography can also be done with special cameras, designed for this shot. Cameras, with a feature of panoramic images will shoot a 35 mm film at about 24 x 74 mm negative size. (Exact size will depend on the model of the camera.) So we will get 18 photographs from a 36 frame roll and the aspect ratio is 3 : 1

Other cameras, which are specially designed for only panoramic photography have a rotating lens and moving film. Upon click, the lens rotates to complete the task. The lens is placed in a tube, which is placed on top of the camera body. These cameras are now out dated, but were indispensable, in analog and film photography, where no help from photo editing software was available for panoramic photography.

Now digital rotating cameras are also available, which can shoot an image of 360° panoramic photograph line by line. Other version of digital camera has in-built software to stitch a series of images.

Read more about various subjects of photography

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Baby photography: Photography tips of a small baby.

Bird photography: Some hints on how to shoot birds in natural environment. This could be in a jungle or a town.

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Child photography: Considerations when doing photography of a child in indoors or outdoors.

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Erotic photography: How to shoot an artistic erotic photograph which is not vulgar? Read about it.

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Fashion photography: Interested in fashion photography? Get some very useful tips.

Fine art photography: Fine art photography has different value as compared to commercial or professional photography. Read more about it.

Fireworks photography: Fire work photography, which can be a part of night photography session. Read more about it.

Flash photography: Use of flash in photography.

Flower photography: Here are some tips on flower photography in nature and in studio.

Food photography: How to shoot dishes and food.

Food photography tips: Some more tips on camera angle in food photography.

Glamour photography: This is very lucrative genre of commercial photography. Read all about how to shoot a glamour photograph.

High angle photography: Photographs taken from higher camera position has its own importance and use. Read about it.

High key photography: Tips on high key photography lighting.

Industrial photography: This is one of the most difficult type of photography, where we have to take some care. Read about it.

Infrared photography: Infrared photography has its own use. It can be done with either IR film, or it can be done with digital camera. Read here for more information.

Landscape photography: One of the most interesting subject in photography.

Low angle photography: Photographs taken from lower camera position has its own impact. Read when to select this camera angle.

Low key photography: Lighting techniques in low key photography.

Macro photography: Close-up and macro photography tips.

Model photography: Photography of models for their portfolio.

Nature photography: This is all about photography of endless subjects, mother nature provides us. It can be part of wild life and landscape photography.

Night photography: Want to click after dark? Well, we can. Here are some useful tips on this topic.

Nude photography: How to shoot artistic nude photographs, which are not objectionable? Yes, there are some rules to follow for this genre of photography. This is one of the extremely popular subject of arts.

Outdoor photography: Here are some tips on how to do outdoor photography.

Outdoor portraits: Shooting portraits in outdoor? Must read tips on this subject.

Pet photography: Pet is another popular subject, which demands to take out our camera from cupboard. Get some tips on it.

Photography in direct sun light: Direct sun light is generally not preferred in photography as it gives washed out high light and dense sharp shadows. Yet, we can artistically use this light for a shoot. Read about it.

Photojournalism: Photojournalism is a challenging assignment. Read about its tips and techniques.

Portrait photography: One of the most shot subject is a portrait of a person. It can be in a studio or outdoors. Here are some tips on studio lighting of a portrait.

Product photography: All products need to be shot for number of reasons. It can be for record purpose or for product advertisement. Read about how to shoot different products.

Publishing-house photography: This genre of photography is a good source of steady income for many professional photographers. Read more about it.

Royalty free stock photography: Photographs shot for sale on royalty free basis can give you residual income for years. Here are some tips on how and what to shoot for this niche.

Sports photography: When it comes to sports, photography falls in between event photography and wild life photography. Read about the considerations.

Still-life photography: As a serious hobby, we all must have tried still life photography. Get some tips on it.

Stock photography: Stock photography is yet another opportunity to earn some money from our creativity. Read about it.

Street photography: As a part of candid photography, street photography has its own approach, which is slightly different from candid.

Surreal photography: This is highly imaginative approach, when we plan to shoot any subject in this manner. Read about some useful tips.

Wedding photography: Wedding and function photography is main source of income for lots of photographers. Here are some tips on this subject.

Wildlife photography: One of the most interesting subject of photography, if one has passion. Read about how to take wild life pictures.

Panoramic photography

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